Basic DIY Kimchi

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Korean food is hot stuff these days, and spicy kimchi is almost always on the table as a side dish or condiment. And like its European cousin, sauerkraut, it’s full of beneficial probiotics. Made with fermented vegetables (typically napa cabbage, radish and green onions), there are many variations. Our vegan version keeps things simple, but you do need to plan ahead, since this needs to ferment for a few days. Kimchi typically is made with gochugaru, a coarsely ground Korean chile powder that’s a bit milder and smokier than regular red chile flakes. Use it, if you can find it at a local Asian market or specialty store. We calling for more common regular red chile flakes and start with a modest amount. Add more if you like your kimchi spicy! It’s great over rice or on tacos with our Grass-Fed Beef Bulgogi or Braised and Glazed Five Spice Short Ribs.


1 head napa cabbage
¼ cup kosher salt
3 tablespoons red chile flakes (or gochugaru)
3 tablespoons water
1 teaspoon sugar
6 garlic cloves
1 (2-inch) piece ginger, peeled and coarsely chopped
8 ounces daikon radish
2 bunches green onions

Halve the cabbage and cut out and discard the core. Slice the cabbage into 1½-inch strips. Place the cabbage in a large bowl (the bowl of a large salad spinner is ideal for this) and sprinkle with salt. Using your hands, massage the salt into the cabbage for a minute or two, until you feel it starting to soften. You’ll see it start to lose volume as the salt draws moisture from the cabbage. Add cold water to cover. Place a plate, topped with a saucepan, over the cabbage to weight it down. Let all that stand 2 hours.

Meanwhile, combine the chile flakes, water, sugar, a pinch of salt, garlic and ginger in a food processer. Pulse until you have a rough puree. (NOTE: Use more or less of the chile flakes, depending on how you like your kimchi — it can range from mild to fiery. That’s the beauty of making your own!) Scrape the chile paste into a small bowl and set it aside.

Peel and julienne the radish (a julienne peeler is helpful for this). Cut the green onions into 1-inch pieces, including both the white and green parts.

After the cabbage is done soaking, drain and rinse it thoroughly. Spin it dry in a salad spinner several times to dry the cabbage as much as possible.

Wipe the bowl dry and use your hands to combine the cabbage, radish, green onions and chile paste. (Wear gloves if your skin is sensitive to chile.) Transfer the mixture to a clean 1-quart jar, packing it tightly and leaving at least 1 inch of space at the top. Cover tightly and let it stand at room temperature for 3-5 days (the longer it ferments, the more the flavors develop). Open your kimchi once a day to release any gas that forms (it’s fermenting, after all) and press the mixture down with a clean spoon. After that, you can refrigerate it for up to 1 month. 

Yields about 1 quart

Prep time: 3-5 days (includes fermenting time)

Cook time: 0 minutes

VARIATIONS:  If you’re not worried about keeping this vegan, you can add 1-2 tablespoons of fish sauce or 1 teaspoon shrimp paste to the chile paste (omit the pinch of salt).